Today’s Google Doodle celebrates Rosario Castellanos, one of the most important Mexican woman writers of the 20th century, who was born on May 25, 1925. She died in 1974.
Castellanos wrote poetry, essays, short stories, and novels. The daughter of wealthy parents who lost most of their money under Lázaro Cárdenas’s land reform, Castellanos produced work that grappled with class, nationality, and gender. Her master’s thesis, Sobre cultura femenina (“On Feminine Culture”) has been described as “the intellectual starting point for the liberation of Mexican women.” Wrote fellow Mexican poet José Emilio Pacheco, “Nobody in her time had as clear a consciousness of the twofold condition of being a woman and a Mexican.”